When you make an initial trade in the forex market, you enter into a position. This means you’ve effectively taken a position on the future direction of the exchange rate of the currency pair you made a transaction in. You can add to that position by making additional transactions in the same direction or reduce that position by closing out existing trades. 
When it comes to currency trading you will note that the currency pair is always followed by a number. Let’s take an example from above, USD/JPY 108. In our case, the base currency is USD and is always equal to 1. Therefore, we have this proportion of 1 USD/JPY 108. This example shows that 1 USD and 108 JPY are equivalent. On the other hand, if we use JPY as the base currency according to the forex convention it will look like this JPY/USD 0.0092. Bear in mind not to swap two currencies and their values. Even though they at first glance seem different, dividing 1 with 0.0092 we will have 108 as the result, which means that the mathematical relation shouldn’t change.
The trader can set the strike price below the current price to reduce premium payment at the expense of decreasing downside protection. This can be thought of as deductible insurance. Suppose, for example, that an investor buys 1,000 shares of Coca-Cola (KO) at a price of $44 and wants to protect the investment from adverse price movements over the next two months. The following put options are available:
The information contained in this article is provided for general informational purposes, and should not be construed as investment advice, tax advice, a solicitation or offer, or a recommendation to buy or sell any security. Ally Invest does not provide tax advice and does not represent in any manner that the outcomes described herein will result in any particular tax consequence. Prospective investors should confer with their personal tax advisors regarding the tax consequences based on their particular circumstances.

When it comes to trading foreign currency, you use a forex broker, also known as a currency trading broker, to place your trades. When you trade forex, you buy or sell in currency pairs, e.g. "EUR / USD" (Euro / U.S. Dollar). You open an account, deposit funds, then use the broker's trading platform to buy and sell currency using margin. The forex markets are open 24 hours a day, five days a week.
A covered call involves selling a call option (“going short”) but with a twist. Here the trader sells a call but also buys the stock underlying the option, 100 shares for each call sold. Owning the stock turns a potentially risky trade – the short call – into a relatively safe trade that can generate income. Traders expect the stock price to be below the strike price at expiration. If the stock finishes above the strike price, the owner must sell the stock to the call buyer at the strike.
This book is specifically written with beginners in mind but by the time you're done reading it, you might feel like an expert. At just 82 pages, it's a pretty quick read but as the title suggests, the goal is to get you from Point A to Point B quickly so you can become an options trader. Think of it as the Cliff Notes guide to options, hitting all the key highlights that can help fuel your success.
This means that you don’t have to cover the full position size, but only deposit a fraction of it to cover the possible losses. As long as your trade is active, your FX broker will lock up the required margin and only free it back to you once the position is closed. This enables traders to execute much larger trades than they could otherwise afford.
Interest Rate Risk: The moment that a country’s interest rate rises, the currency will strengthen. The boost in strength can be attributed to an influx of investments in that country’s assets since with a stronger currency, higher returns can be more likely. But if the interest rate falls, the currency will weaken, which may result to more investors withdrawing their investments.
Fundamental traders prefer to trade based on news and other financial and political data; technical traders prefer technical analysis tools such as Fibonacci retracements and other indictors to forecast market movements. Most traders use a combination of the two. No matter what your style, it is important you use the tools at your disposal to find potential trading opportunities in moving markets.
To trade 100.000$ with a margin of 1% which is 100:1, you will have to put 1000$ on your margin account. Even if it looks a bit higher and goes along with risk, have in mind that foreign currencies do not change significantly on the day of trading. They usually drop less than 1% daily. The leverage can be exceptionally helpful when you’re a beginner in the Forex trade market. The most proficient traders reckon that $1000 of investment should be the minimum starting point. The thing is that not many traders are willing to risk that much, but the leverage can allow them to increase their trading power.

Market, stop loss and take profit orders – A market execution order is used to open a Forex trade at the current rates offered by your broker. The trade will immediately be executed and you’ll have an open position on your account. Whenever you open a new trade, you should use stop loss orders to prevent large losses if the price goes against you. A stop loss order automatically closes your position once the prespecified price is reached. Similarly, take profit orders are used to lock in your profits after a trade plays out well and hits a certain price.


Also remember that many forex trading strategies require fast reactions, clerical accuracy and nimble thinking, which may not suit everyone. You will also need to learn to master your emotions, keep your ego in check and humbly admit your trading errors while you remain resilient enough to pick yourself up psychologically and take a risk on another trade. 
Fundamental traders prefer to trade based on news and other financial and political data; technical traders prefer technical analysis tools such as Fibonacci retracements and other indictors to forecast market movements. Most traders use a combination of the two. No matter what your style, it is important you use the tools at your disposal to find potential trading opportunities in moving markets.
There are actually three ways that institutions, corporations and individuals trade forex: the spot market, the forwards market, and the futures market. Forex trading in the spot market has always been the largest market because it is the "underlying" real asset that the forwards and futures markets are based on. In the past, the futures market was the most popular venue for traders because it was available to individual investors for a longer period of time. However, with the advent of electronic trading and numerous forex brokers, the spot market has witnessed a huge surge in activity and now surpasses the futures market as the preferred trading market for individual investors and speculators. When people refer to the forex market, they usually are referring to the spot market. The forwards and futures markets tend to be more popular with companies that need to hedge their foreign exchange risks out to a specific date in the future.
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