As we mentioned earlier the spread is the difference between the bid and ask price. It is a bonus, or more specifically a commission you broker receives for the trade. So how do we know if we earned or lost money? It is quite simple, as we are using something called pip, and it stands for Percentage in Point. If you have a currency pair, and due to fluctuations in the market there is a change from 1200 to 1202, which means there is a 2 pip change. If you buy the EUR/USD currency pair, to profit, you want EUR to increase against USD. If you bought EUR for $1.7500 and you sell when the price reaches $1.7550, you made yourself a profit of 50 pips. On the other hand, if it lost value, it is a loss of 50 pips, and it would show as -50.
Finally, there is also a group of currencies that is not heavily traded on the Forex market, which means that their liquidity is low and volatility is high. Those currencies include the Turkish lira, Mexican peso, or Czech krone, for example. The high volatility of these currencies makes them unsuitable for beginners, at least until they gain enough trading experience.
Just like many successful investors, options traders have a clear understanding of their financial goals and desired position in the market. The way you approach and think about money, in general, will have a direct impact on how you trade options. The best thing you can do before you fund your account and start trading is to clearly define your investing goals.
The foreign exchange market is where currencies are traded. Currencies are important to most people around the world, whether they realize it or not, because currencies need to be exchanged in order to conduct foreign trade and business. If you are living in the U.S. and want to buy cheese from France, either you or the company that you buy the cheese from has to pay the French for the cheese in euros (EUR). This means that the U.S. importer would have to exchange the equivalent value of U.S. dollars (USD) into euros. The same goes for traveling. A French tourist in Egypt can't pay in euros to see the pyramids because it's not the locally accepted currency. As such, the tourist has to exchange the euros for the local currency, in this case the Egyptian pound, at the current exchange rate.