Pips – Pips are the smallest increment that currency pairs can change in value. A pip refers to the fourth decimal place of an exchange rate, but bear in mind that some pairs that include the Japanese yen have their pips on the second decimal place. For example, if the EURUSD pair rises from 1.2050 to 1.2057, this would equal an increase of 7 pips. On the other hand, if USDJPY rises from 110.35 to 110.42, this would also equal an increase of 7 pips.
Before we start elaborating on the importance of the leverage, we need to discuss the risk and reward ratio. It presents the result of a comparison between the risk involved in the trade and the profit that you are making from it. For instance, you can use the stop loss at 20 pips and then you place your in-profit at 40 pips. That means that your risk/reward ratio will look like this- 20:40. According to this example, you can earn 40 pips while risking 20 pips.
After World War II, countries needed stable currencies to restore their infrastructure and spur economic growth. As a result, the Bretton Woods agreement established a fixed exchange rate regime among major currencies and the US dollar, which in turn was pegged to the price of gold. The US government had to devalue the US dollar a few times, before the Bretton Woods agreement came finally to an end in 1973.
A few more things need to be said regarding bid and ask price. The most basic way to describe ask and bid is that it is a two-way price quotation, the bid price being the maximum price a buyer is willing to pay and ask price being the minimum price seller is willing to take. As for Forex, profit is made when your broker asks for a price that is higher than he would be willing to bid, if, for example, you were the seller. Now that we know this, it is also important to know that that, let’s call it “area” between the bid price and ask price is known as the spread.
Finally, there is also a group of currencies that is not heavily traded on the Forex market, which means that their liquidity is low and volatility is high. Those currencies include the Turkish lira, Mexican peso, or Czech krone, for example. The high volatility of these currencies makes them unsuitable for beginners, at least until they gain enough trading experience.
Sometimes different forex platforms use a number of different buzz words, all of which might mean the same thing, but tend to confuse the average beginner. There are also literally thousands of acronyms in the forex trading scene, this section is designed to get you up to date with the most important ones, any that you don’t know simply Google and you should get a good enough definition from Investopedia. This section also talks about margins, spreads and other variables between different options.
Both types of contracts are binding and are typically settled for cash at the exchange in question upon expiry, although contracts can also be bought and sold before they expire. The forwards and futures markets can offer protection against risk when trading currencies. Usually, big international corporations use these markets in order to hedge against future exchange rate fluctuations, but speculators take part in these markets as well.